CopperSpice API  1.7.2
QUrlQuery Class Reference

Provides a way to manipulate key-value pairs in a URL's query. More...

Public Methods

 QUrlQuery ()
 
 QUrlQuery (const QString &str)
 
 QUrlQuery (const QUrl &url)
 
 QUrlQuery (const QUrlQuery &other)
 
 ~QUrlQuery ()
 
void addQueryItem (const QString &key, const QString &value)
 
QStringList allQueryItemValues (const QString &key, QUrl::FormattingOptions encoding=QUrl::PrettyDecoded) const
 
void clear ()
 
bool hasQueryItem (const QString &key) const
 
bool isEmpty () const
 
bool operator!= (const QUrlQuery &other) const
 
QUrlQuery & operator= (const QUrlQuery &other)
 
QUrlQuery & operator= (QUrlQuery &&other)
 
bool operator== (const QUrlQuery &other) const
 
QString query (QUrl::FormattingOptions encoding=QUrl::PrettyDecoded) const
 
QList< QPair< QString, QString > > queryItems (QUrl::FormattingOptions encoding=QUrl::PrettyDecoded) const
 
QString queryItemValue (const QString &key, QUrl::FormattingOptions encoding=QUrl::PrettyDecoded) const
 
QChar queryPairDelimiter () const
 
QChar queryValueDelimiter () const
 
void removeAllQueryItems (const QString &key)
 
void removeQueryItem (const QString &key)
 
void setQuery (const QString &str)
 
void setQueryDelimiters (QChar valueDelimiter, QChar pairDelimiter)
 
void setQueryItems (const QList< QPair< QString, QString > > &query)
 
void swap (QUrlQuery &other)
 
QString toString (QUrl::FormattingOptions encoding=QUrl::PrettyDecoded) const
 

Static Public Methods

static QChar defaultQueryPairDelimiter ()
 
static QChar defaultQueryValueDelimiter ()
 

Friends

uint qHash (const QUrlQuery &key, uint seed)
 
class QUrl
 

Detailed Description

The QUrlQuery class provides a way to manipulate key-value pairs in a URL's query. It is used to parse the query strings found in URLs like the following:

Query strings like the above are used to transmit options in the URL and are usually decoded into multiple key-value pairs. The one above would contain two entries in its list, with keys type and color. QUrlQuery can also be used to create a query string suitable for use in QUrl::setQuery() from the individual components of the query.

The most common way of parsing a query string is to initialize it in the constructor by passing it the query string. Otherwise, the setQuery() method can be used to set the query to be parsed. That method can also be used to parse a query with non-standard delimiters, after having set them using the setQueryDelimiters().

The encoded query string can be obtained again using query(). This will take all the internally-stored items and encode the string using the delimiters.

Encoding

All of the getter methods in QUrlQuery support an optional parameter of type QUrl::FormattingOptions, including query(), which dictate how to encode the data in question. Except for QUrl::FullyDecoded, the returned value must still be considered a percent-encoded string, as there are certain values which cannot be expressed in decoded form (like control characters, byte sequences not decodable to UTF-8). For that reason, the percent character is always represented by the string "%25".

Handling of spaces and plus sign

Web browsers usually encode spaces found in HTML FORM elements to a plus sign ("+") and plus signs to its percent-encoded form (%2B). However, the Internet specifications governing URLs do not consider spaces and the plus character equivalent.

QUrlQuery never encodes the space character to "+" and will never decode "+" to a space character. Instead, space characters will be rendered "%20" in encoded form.

To support encoding like that of HTML forms, QUrlQuery also never decodes the "%2B" sequence to a plus sign nor encode a plus sign. In fact, any "%2B" or "+" sequences found in the keys, values, or query string are left exactly like written (except for the uppercasing of "%2b" to "%2B").

Full decoding

With QUrl::FullyDecoded formatting, all percent-encoded sequences will be decoded fully and the '' character is used to represent itself. QUrl::FullyDecoded should be used with care, since it may cause data loss. See the documentation of QUrl::FullyDecoded for information on what data may be lost.

This formatting mode should be used only when dealing with text presented to the user in contexts where percent-encoding is not desired. Note that QUrlQuery setters and query methods do not support the counterpart QUrl::DecodedMode parsing, so using QUrl::FullyDecoded to obtain a listing of keys may result in keys not found in the object.

Non-standard delimiters

By default, QUrlQuery uses an equal sign ("=") to separate a key from its value and an ampersand ("&") to separate key-value pairs from each other. It is possible to change the delimiters QUrlQuery uses for parsing and for reconstructing the query by calling setQueryDelimiters().

Non-standard delimiters should be chosen from among the RFC 3986 using symbols they refer to as "sub-delimiters". The following is a list of the non standard delimiters

Sub-Delimiters
!
$
&
'
(
)
*
+
,
;
=

Use of other characters is not supported and may result in unexpected behaviour. QUrlQuery does not verify that you passed a valid delimiter.

See also
QUrl

Constructor & Destructor Documentation

QUrlQuery::QUrlQuery ( )

Constructs an empty QUrlQuery object. A query can be set afterwards by calling setQuery() or items can be added by using addQueryItem().

QUrlQuery::QUrlQuery ( const QUrlQuery &  other)

Copies the contents of the other QUrlQuery object, including the query delimiters.

QUrlQuery::QUrlQuery ( const QUrl url)
explicit

Constructs a QUrlQuery object and parses the query string found in the url URL, using the default query delimiters. To parse a query string using other delimiters, you should first set them using setQueryDelimiters() and then set the query with setQuery().

See also
QUrl::query()
QUrlQuery::QUrlQuery ( const QString str)
explicit

Constructs a QUrlQuery object and parses the str query string, using the default query delimiters. To parse a query string using other delimiters, you should first set them using setQueryDelimiters() and then set the query with setQuery().

QUrlQuery::~QUrlQuery ( )

Destroys this QUrlQuery object.

Method Documentation

void QUrlQuery::addQueryItem ( const QString key,
const QString value 
)

Appends the pair key = value to the end of the query string of the URL. This method does not overwrite existing items that might exist with the same key.

This method does not treat spaces (ASCII 0x20) and plus ("+") signs as the same, like HTML forms do. If you need spaces to be represented as plus signs, use actual plus signs.

See also
hasQueryItem(), queryItemValue()
QStringList QUrlQuery::allQueryItemValues ( const QString key,
QUrl::FormattingOptions  encoding = QUrl::PrettyDecoded 
) const

Returns the a list of query string values whose key is equal to key from the URL, using the options specified in encoding to encode the return value. If the key is not found, this method returns an empty list.

See also
queryItemValue(), addQueryItem()
void QUrlQuery::clear ( )

Clears this QUrlQuery object by removing all of the key-value pairs currently stored. If the query delimiters have been changed, this method will leave them with their changed values.

See also
isEmpty, setQueryDelimiters()
QChar QUrlQuery::defaultQueryPairDelimiter ( )
inlinestatic

Returns the default character for separating keys-value pairs from each other, an ampersand ("&").

See also
setQueryDelimiters(), queryPairDelimiter(), defaultQueryValueDelimiter()
QChar QUrlQuery::defaultQueryValueDelimiter ( )
inlinestatic

Returns the default character for separating keys from values in the query, an equal sign ("=").

setQueryDelimiters(), queryValueDelimiter(), and defaultQueryPairDelimiter().

bool QUrlQuery::hasQueryItem ( const QString key) const

Returns true if there is a query string pair whose key is equal to key from the URL.

See also
addQueryItem(), queryItemValue()
bool QUrlQuery::isEmpty ( ) const

Returns true if this QUrlQuery object contains no key-value pairs, such as after being default-constructed or after parsing an empty query string.

See also
setQuery(), clear()
bool QUrlQuery::operator!= ( const QUrlQuery &  other) const
inline

Returns true if other is not equal to this QUrlQuery. Otherwise, returns false.

See also
operator==()
QUrlQuery & QUrlQuery::operator= ( const QUrlQuery &  other)

Copies the contents of the other QUrlQuery object, including the query delimiters.

QUrlQuery & QUrlQuery::operator= ( QUrlQuery &&  other)
inline

Move assigns other to this QUrlQuery instance.

bool QUrlQuery::operator== ( const QUrlQuery &  other) const

Returns true if this object and the other object contain the same contents, in the same order, and use the same query delimiters.

QString QUrlQuery::query ( QUrl::FormattingOptions  encoding = QUrl::PrettyDecoded) const

Returns the reconstructed query string, formed from the key-value pairs currently stored in this QUrlQuery object and separated by the query delimiters chosen for this object. The keys and values are encoded using the options given by the encoding parameter.

For this method the only ambiguous delimiter is the hash ("#"), as in URLs it is used to separate the query string from the fragment that may follow.

The order of the key-value pairs in the returned string is exactly the same as in the original query.

See also
setQuery(), QUrl::setQuery(), QUrl::fragment(), Encoding
QList< QPair< QString, QString > > QUrlQuery::queryItems ( QUrl::FormattingOptions  encoding = QUrl::PrettyDecoded) const

Returns the query string of the URL as a map of keys and values, using the options specified in encoding to encode the items. The order of the elements is the same as the one found in the query string or set with setQueryItems().

See also
setQueryItems(), Encoding
QString QUrlQuery::queryItemValue ( const QString key,
QUrl::FormattingOptions  encoding = QUrl::PrettyDecoded 
) const

Returns the query value associated with the given key from the URL. The options specified in encoding are used to encode the return value. If the key is not found this method returns an empty string. If you need to distinguish between an empty value and a non-existent key, you should check for the key's presence first using hasQueryItem().

If the key is multiply defined this method will return the first one found, in the order they were present in the query string or added using addQueryItem().

See also
addQueryItem(), allQueryItemValues(), Encoding
QChar QUrlQuery::queryPairDelimiter ( ) const

Returns the character used to delimit between keys-value pairs when reconstructing the query string in query() or when parsing in setQuery().

See also
setQueryDelimiters(), queryValueDelimiter()
QChar QUrlQuery::queryValueDelimiter ( ) const

Returns the character used to delimit between keys and values when reconstructing the query string in query() or when parsing in setQuery().

See also
setQueryDelimiters(), queryPairDelimiter()
void QUrlQuery::removeAllQueryItems ( const QString key)

Removes all the query string pairs whose key is equal to key from the URL.

See also
removeQueryItem()
void QUrlQuery::removeQueryItem ( const QString key)

Removes the query string pair whose key is equal to key from the URL. If there are multiple items with the same key the first matching item will be removed.

See also
removeAllQueryItems()
void QUrlQuery::setQuery ( const QString str)

Parses the query string in str and sets the internal items to the values found there. If any delimiters have been specified with setQueryDelimiters(), this method will use them instead of the default delimiters to parse the string.

See also
query()
void QUrlQuery::setQueryDelimiters ( QChar  valueDelimiter,
QChar  pairDelimiter 
)

Sets the characters used for delimiting between keys and values and between key-value pairs in the URL's query string. The default value delimiter is '=' and the default pair delimiter is '&'.

Using non standard characters is not supported and may result in unexpected behaviour. This method does not verify that you passed a valid delimiter.

The valueDelimiter will be used for separating keys from values and pairDelimiter will be used to separate key-value pairs. Any occurrences of these delimiting characters in the encoded representation of the keys and values of the query string are percent encoded when returned in query().

If valueDelimiter is set to '(' and pairDelimiter is ')' a query string would instead be represented like this:

http://www.example.com/cgi-bin/drawgraph.cgi?type(pie)color(green)
See also
queryValueDelimiter(), queryPairDelimiter()
void QUrlQuery::setQueryItems ( const QList< QPair< QString, QString > > &  query)

Sets the items in this QUrlQuery object to query. The order of the elements in query is preserved.

This method does not treat spaces (ASCII 0x20) and plus ("+") signs as the same, like HTML forms do. If you need spaces to be represented as plus signs, use actual plus signs.

See also
queryItems(), isEmpty()
void QUrlQuery::swap ( QUrlQuery &  other)
inline

Swaps this URL query instance with other. This method is very fast and never fails.

QString QUrlQuery::toString ( QUrl::FormattingOptions  encoding = QUrl::PrettyDecoded) const
inline

Returns this QUrlQuery as a QString. The parameter encoding can be used to specify the URL string encoding of the return value.

Friends And Related Function Documentation

uint qHash ( const QUrlQuery &  key,
uint  seed = 0 
)
friend

Returns the hash value for key using seed to seed the calculation.